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Power supply systems, managements of engine/decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and production of the fulfilled gases
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Five-step manual box of gear shifting
Automatic transmission
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Kia Sportage>> >> Diagnostics of malfunctions

Diagnostics of malfunctions

The description of diagnostics of electronic control systems and diagnostic codes are provided in Head of the Power supply system, management of engine/decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and production of the fulfilled gases (engine), and also in Heads Automatic transmission, Brake system and Onboard electric equipment (AT, ABS/EBD, SRS and an immobilizer).

In this section the simplest scheme of clarification of the reasons of malfunctions and the refusals occurring in knots and systems of a vehicle is offered. Refusals and their possible reasons are broken into groups on the basis of the relation to certain components or car systems, such as the engine, cooling system, etc., besides, in the text references to chapters and sections concerning these problems are given.

Remember that the successful conclusion of search of causes of defect is defined by a combination of a certain knowledge and a patient, systematic approach to problem research. To move always follows from simple to difficult, to lead up each check to the logic end and to try not to pass the obvious facts - everyone can forget to fill fuel in a fuel tank or to leave for the night included lighting devices.

And at last, always it is necessary to try to make an accurate picture of development of malfunction and to undertake the corresponding steps on recurrence prevention. If refusal of electric equipment was the result of violation of quality of contact, check at the same time a condition of all other contacts and electric sockets of system. If the same safety lock several times in a row continues to fuse, there is no sense in its further replacement - it is necessary to try to find out a cause of failure. Remember that failure of a minor component can be a sign of violation of functioning of more important knot or the whole system.

Engine

Base checks at the complicated start of the engine

If the engine is not started, it is necessary to try to analyse a situation coolly.

Petrol models

Visual survey

Estimate an external condition of all electroconducting in an impellent compartment, make sure of lack of signs of violation of integrity of isolation, oxidation and weakening of fastening of contact connections. Check, whether is not present in the assembly block of the beaten-out safety locks, whether will burst the case of the storage battery. Further it is necessary to make sure of correctness of laying, serviceability of a condition and reliability of fastening of vacuum hoses, - in case of need address to data of information label of VECI (see in the Section Identification numbers and information labels). Do not forget to check also on existence of signs of development of leaks components of an inlet air path.

Mechanical checks

If during visual survey of any obvious violations it is not possible to reveal, it is necessary to make check of kompressionny pressure in engine cylinders. The description of check is provided in the Section Check of kompressionny pressure, an assessment of a condition of cylinders.

One more important among mechanical check is check of passableness of a final path of the engine. Check can be made by means of a manometer, or the vacuum gage. In the first case it is necessary to turn out warmed up a lambda probe, or the control valve of system of a podmeshivaniye of air in an exhaust (depending on a complete set). Screw to the place of the removed component a manometer with a range of measurement of 0 ? 0.35 kgfs/cm2 and start the engine with turns 2500 in a minute, - if the antipressure size in a final path makes more than 0.14 kgfs/cm2, passableness violation, - most likely the catalytic converter therefore takes place. When using the vacuum gage connect it to the vacuum union of the inlet pipeline, start the engine and consider the measuring instrument indication. Partially slightly open and fix a butterfly valve, - slow falling of depth of depression after stabilization of turns will testify also to violation of passableness of a final path.

Checks of serviceability of supply of fuel

Before the beginning of performance of the most part from listed below checks it is necessary to make sbrasyvany pressure in a power supply system, - the description of procedure is provided in Head of the Power supply system, management of engine/decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and production of the fulfilled gases. Before engine start after pressure dumping in a power supply system it is necessary to execute preliminary filling of its path, - such filling will allow to reduce essentially duration of a necessary provorachivaniye of the engine a starter. The description of procedure is provided also in Head of the Power supply system, management of engine/decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and production of the fulfilled gases.

At this stage of base diagnostics it is necessary to make the following checks (see. Power supply systems, managements of engine/decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and production of the fulfilled gases):

  • Check of adjustable pressure of fuel;
  • Pressure check in fuel lines;
  • Check of tightness of components of a fuel path;
  • Check of a condition of the relay of the fuel pump;
  • Assessment of a condition of fuel injectors.

Checks of serviceability of functioning of system of ignition

First of all it is necessary to make sure of serviceability of an iskroobrazovaniye on spark plugs, - check is best of all for making by means of a special tester. At identification of violations measure specific resistance of VV of electroconducting, - the result of measurement should not exceed value of 16 kiloohms/m.

Further it is necessary to make check of serviceability of giving of a food on the coil of ignition and to measure resistance of primary and secondary contours of the coil (see. Head of System of electric equipment of the engine).

Diesel models

Number of the conditions which performance guarantees success of start of any diesel engine treat:

  • Sufficient turns for start of a cranked shaft of the engine;
  • Sufficient for fuel spontaneous ignition temperature of the compressed air in the combustion chamber;
    i.e. achievement of the set pressure of a compression and, at start during cold time, - serviceable functioning of candles of an incandescence;
  • Injection melkodispersno the sprayed fuel in combustion chambers precisely at some point.

First of all it is necessary to make sure of serviceability of a starter, then to check supply of fuel, a nozzle and work of a preliminary incandescence. The description of procedure of check of a condition of candles of an incandescence is provided in the Section Check of candles of an incandescence of the Head of System of electric equipment of the engine.

The engine is not turned in attempts of its start

  1. Corrosion of plugs of the battery takes place, or weakened fastening of tips of wires on them.
  2. The battery is discharged or faulty: in the absence of violations on the previous point, turn an "ignition" key in the situation ON, then include headlights and/or windscreen cleaners, - refusal of serviceable functioning of electrodevices confirms the fact of excessive decrease in level of a charge of the battery.
  3. Transmission it is inexact it is established in the situation "R".
  4. Conducting in a chain of system of start is torn off or weakened fastening of wires on plugs.
  5. The gear wheel of a starter is jammed in a gear wreath of a driving disk.
  6. The traction relay of a starter is faulty.
  7. The starter is faulty.
  8. The ignition switch is faulty.

The engine is turned, but not started

Petrol models

  1. Start is incorrectly made. Act as follows:
    • Cock the parking brake, squeeze out coupling and include neutral transfer (RKPP) / transfer the selector lever to the situation "R" or "N" (AT);
    • Without squeezing out a gas pedal, turn a key in the ignition lock to the right against the stop. As soon as the engine will be started, at once release a key. If start of the heated-up engine is not possible to make at a provorachivaniye it a starter within more than 4 seconds, it is necessary to squeeze out a gas pedal slowly. Do not turn the engine more than 30 seconds in a row, before repeated attempt wait not less than 15 seconds;
    • In areas where the temperature of external air often falls below - 20°С, installation of a heater of cooling liquid is recommended, - the reference on this matter can be received on any HUNDRED KIA.
  2. The engine immobilizator (is faulty or is not disconnected at the corresponding complete set).
  3. The safety lock of the electric fuel pump or electronic system of injection is faulty.
  4. The fuel tank is empty, or is filled with poor-quality fuel.
  5. The air filter is strongly polluted.
  6. As a result of tightness violation to the inlet highway подсасывается air, depression losses in a vacuum path take place.
  7. Depression losses in elements of supply of air, malfunction in a control system of injection of fuel and ignition take place.
  8. The battery (turns of a provorachivaniye of the engine are insufficient) is discharged.
  9. Terminal connections of the battery are oxidized, or weakened their fastening.
  10. The fuel pump is faulty, or its relay is damaged, - aurally check serviceability of activation of the pump at ignition inclusion.
  11. Are damaged, or components of system of ignition are excessively humidified.
  12. Spark plugs are worn-out or faulty, or the candle gap is incorrectly exposed.
  13. Electroconducting of system of start is torn off or disconnected, or weakened fastening of wires on plugs.
  14. Electroconducting of the coil of ignition is torn off or disconnected, or weakened fastening of wires on coil plugs.
  15. The control unit safety lock is damaged by the engine, the CKP/pulse sensor the sensor the CMP/sensor of temperature of cooling liquid the ECT/sensor of temperature of soaked-up air (IAT) is faulty.
  16. Pressure of a compression does not suffice.
  17. In the engine excessively dense oil is filled in.

Diesel models

Track, that during functioning of system of a preliminary incandescence (the control lamp is included) all onboard consumers of the electric power (light, heating of back glass, radio and so forth) were disconnected.

  1. Start is incorrectly made. Act as follows:
    • Cock the parking brake, squeeze out a coupling pedal, on models from AT transfer the selector lever to the situation "R" or "N". Turn an "ignition" key in situation 2 and wait shutdowns of a control lamp of preheat. As soon as the lamp will go out, make engine start, without squeezing out a gas pedal.

At temperature of external air above +5°С need for a preliminary incandescence of the engine is absent.

    • The told belongs as well to start of already heated-up engine in colder weather, - do not squeeze out a gas pedal;
    • If at first there are irregular flashes, continue to turn the engine a starter until its turns are not stabilized (but no more than 30 seconds continuously);
    • If to carry out start it is not possible, through a floor of minute repeat attempt, operating in the manner described above.
  1. The engine immobilizator is faulty.
  2. Fused a safety lock of the preliminary electric fuel pump or preheat system.
  3. The engine is not heated-up: check serviceability of functioning of the device of preheat.
  4. On the electromagnetic locking valve there is no tension. Connect to the switch the voltmeter or a sampler on a light-emitting diode, - at ignition inclusion the light-emitting diode should light up, otherwise it is necessary to find and eliminate break in electroconducting.
  5. The electromagnetic locking valve (FCV) is faulty. Check reliability of fastening of the electromagnetic switch, estimate a condition of contacts. Switch on and off ignition, - in the switch click should be distributed.
  6. Damage to lines of supply of fuel takes place, or in the last air got:
    • Are mechanically damaged топливопроводы, or their passableness is broken, - clean fuel lines and remove from them air, also remove air jams from the fuel filter;
    • The fuel filter is littered, - replace filtering element;
    • In the winter it is necessary to check the filter and pipelines on existence of signs of formation of ice or wax, - tire out the car in heated garage, add in gasoline system;
    • Passableness of a path ventilation of a fuel tank is broken, or the mesh filter of a toplivozabornik is littered, - clean the corresponding components.
  7. Passableness of a returnable fuel path is broken.
  8. The fuel filter/filter of a fuel tank is littered
  9. Adjustment of the moment of the beginning of supply of fuel is brought down.
  10. Nozzles are faulty, - at an otpuskaniye of a shtutserny nut топливопровода a faulty nozzle turns of the engine will not fall.
  11. The fuel pump of a high pressure (TNVD) is faulty.
  12. Pressure of a compression does not suffice.
  13. In the engine excessively dense oil is filled in.

The starter functions without an engine provorachivaniye

  1. The starter gear wheel is jammed.
  2. Teeths of a gear wheel of a starter or flywheel wreath are worn-out or damaged.

Start of the cold engine is complicated

Address to the section the Cold engine it is started badly, works unstably.

  1. The battery is discharged, or level of its charge is insufficient.
  2. Serviceability of functioning of components of a power supply system, or electric equipment is broken.
  3. Paraffin sedimentation in the filter of thin purification of fuel (diesel models) takes place, - warm up, or replace filtering element, fill the car with winter diesel fuel, or add in a tank nizkooktanovy gasoline in the ratio 1/3.
  4. Glow plugs of the diesel engine are faulty.

Start of the hot engine is complicated

Treat to the section the Heated-up engine badly it is started, works unstably.

  1. The air filter is littered.
  2. Serviceability of functioning of components of a power supply system, or electric equipment is broken.
  3. Fuel does not arrive to injectors/nozzles of system of injection.
  4. The corner of an advancing of supply of fuel of the diesel engine got off.
  5. TNVD of the diesel engine is faulty, or its adjustment is broken.
  6. Pressure of a compression in cylinders does not suffice.

Gearing of a starter occurs is too noisy or with difficulty

  1. Teeths of a gear wheel of a starter or flywheel wreath are worn-out or damaged.
  2. Bolts of fastening of a starter are lost, or weakened effort of their tightening.

The engine is started, but at once глохнет

  1. The engine immobilizator is faulty.
  2. Electroconducting is faulty, or weakened fastening of wires on coil or generator plugs.
  3. Violation of serviceability of functioning of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place.
  4. Base installations of the module of management of the engine (ESM) are broken.
  5. Has places damage to release system / the catalytic converter.
  6. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses take place.
  7. Insufficiently kompressionny pressure.
  8. Adjustment of turns of idling is broken.
  9. Passableness of a returnable fuel path of the diesel engine is broken.
  10. Too early shutdown of candles of an incandescence of the diesel engine takes place.
  11. The corner of an advancing of supply of fuel of the diesel engine got off.
  12. TNVD is faulty.
  13. The electromagnetic fuel valve of the diesel engine is jammed in the situation "RUN".

Stability of operation of the engine on single turns is broken

At unstable turns of the engine (for example, at ignition admissions) in order to avoid failure of the catalytic converter try to turn on the engine only for short time and do not allow excessive loadings, - at the first possibility drive away the car on HUNDRED companies KIA.

Petrol models

  1. Depression losses take place. Make sure of reliability of an inhaling of fixing bolts/nuts, check the fact and quality of fastening on the unions on the inlet pipeline of all vacuum hoses. Hear to the working engine by means of a stethoscope or a piece of a fuel hose. Existence of a hissing sound will allow to reveal a source of "leakage" of vacuum, - it is possible to use for check by solution of soap water not less effectively.
  2. Tightness of landing of the inlet pipeline on a head of cylinders is broken.
  3. Laying of a head of cylinders is punched, - make measurement of kompressionny pressure in engine cylinders (see. Head Engine).
  4. Components of a drive of GRM are worn-out.
  5. Working ledges of cams of a camshaft are worn-out.
  6. Engine перегрет.
  7. Passableness of the valve of system of ventilation of a case is broken.
  8. Leaks via the valve of system of the fulfilled gases (EGR) take place.
  9. Violation of serviceability of functioning of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place.
  10. Passableness of the air filter is broken.
  11. The fuel pump does not provide giving of enough of fuel to injectors of system of injection.

Diesel models

  1. Quality of connections of fuel hoses on TNVD and the fuel filter is broken.
  2. Weakened TNVD fastening.
  3. Are mixed by junctions of the returnable pipeline and the pipeline of supply of fuel.
  4. Damage to lines of supply of fuel takes place.
  5. Passableness of a returnable fuel path is broken.
  6. Adjustment of turns of slow idling is broken.
  7. Air got to a power supply system, - "pump over" system.
  8. Adjustment of the beginning of supply of fuel is brought down.
  9. Nozzles are faulty, - at an otpuskaniye of a shtutserny nut топливопровода a faulty nozzle turns of the engine will not fall.
  10. The fuel pump of a high pressure (TNVD) is faulty. Establish for check new, or obviously serviceable TNVD.

Admissions in operation of cylinders on single turns take place

At unstable turns of the engine (for example, at ignition admissions) in order to avoid failure of the catalytic converter try to turn on the engine only for short time and do not allow excessive loadings, - at the first possibility drive away the car on HUNDRED companies KIA.

  1. Spark plugs are worn-out or polluted or the candle gap is incorrectly exposed.
  2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place.
  3. VV electroconducting is faulty.
  4. Poor-quality fuel is filled, or passableness of the fuel filter is broken.
  5. Depression losses in the inlet pipeline or through shlangovy connections take place.
  6. There is not enough, or kompressionny pressure in cylinders is non-uniformly distributed.
  7. Violations in work of a control system as the engine take place.

Admissions in operation of cylinders of the engine on exceeding single turns / take place at car movement on transfer

At unstable turns of the engine (for example, at ignition admissions) in order to avoid failure of the catalytic converter try to turn on the engine only for short time and do not allow excessive loadings, - at the first possibility drive away the car on HUNDRED companies KIA

  1. The fuel filter is littered, or passableness of a fuel path is broken.
  2. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted, or the candle gap (petrol engines) is incorrectly exposed.
  3. Power supply system or electric equipment components are faulty.
  4. Defect of VV of electroconducting takes place.
  5. Components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases are faulty.
  6. Insufficiently or kompressionny pressure is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders.
  7. The ignition system is faulty.
  8. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses take place.
  9. The klapanny mechanism is worn-out.
  10. Adjustment of phases of a gazoraspredeleniye is broken.
  11. Passableness of the inlet pipeline is broken.
  12. Adjustment of the beginning of supply of fuel of the diesel engine is brought down.
  13. The car is filled with diesel fuel of bad quality.

Engine spontaneously глохнет

  1. Adjustment of turns of idling is broken.
  2. Passableness of the fuel filter is broken, or moisture or dirt got to a power supply system.
  3. Refusal of components / information sensors of a power supply system takes place.
  4. Components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases are faulty.
  5. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted or the candle gap (is incorrectly exposed see. Head Current leaving and service). At the corresponding complete set check also a condition of VV of electroconducting.
  6. Depression losses on the case of a throttle or through vacuum hoses take place.

The engine does not develop full capacity

  1. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place.
  2. The air purifier is littered, or passableness of an inlet air path is otherwise broken.
  3. Spark plugs are faulty or the candle gap (petrol engines) is incorrectly exposed.
  4. The ignition coil (petrol engines) is faulty.
  5. ATF level (fell see. Head Current leaving and service).
  6. Transmission revolves.
  7. The fuel filter is blocked and/or dirt/moisture got to a power supply system.
  8. Fuel not that grade is filled.
  9. The adjusting valve of a turbokompressor (is damaged at the corresponding complete set).
  10. Insufficiently kompressionny pressure, or uniformity of its distribution between cylinders is broken.
  11. Valves are jammed, or weakened klapanny springs.
  12. Laying of a head of cylinders is punched.
  13. Coupling (models with RKPP) revolves.
  14. Engine перегрет.
  15. Depression losses take place.
  16. Working ledges of cams of a camshaft are worn-out.
  17. Installation of phases of a gazoraspredeleniye is broken.
  18. Leaks in the fuel pump take place.
  19. Passableness of system of production of the fulfilled gases is broken.

In addition for the diesel engine

  1. The EGR valve is faulty.
  2. The fuel filter or TNVD/nozzle is littered.
  3. The valve of a cover of a fuel tank (is littered at the corresponding complete set).
  4. Passableness of a fuel path on a site between TNVD and a fuel tank is broken.
  5. Passableness returnable топливопровода is broken.
  6. Uniformity of supply of fuel in cylinders is broken, - adjust on the heated-up engine.
  7. The moment of the beginning of supply of TNVD fuel is incorrectly established.
  8. Adjustment of the maximum frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft is broken.

There are cottons in system of an admission or shots in release system

  1. Serviceability of functioning of components of a power supply system or electric equipment is broken.
  2. Defect in a secondary contour of system of ignition of the petrol engine (destruction of insulators of spark plugs or damage of VV of electroconducting) takes place.
  3. The system of injection of fuel needs adjustment, or its components are excessively worn-out.
  4. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses take place.
  5. Gets jammed valves.
  6. Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition, for example, as a result of the wrong connection of VV of electroconducting is broken.
  7. The EGR valve is faulty.
  8. In cylinders the regrown poor air and fuel mix arrives.

At movement with acceleration or uphill there are detonation sounds

  1. Bad quality fuel is filled.
  2. Serviceability of functioning of components of a power supply system or electric equipment is broken.
  3. Spark plugs not that type (petrol engines) are established.
  4. The base ECM installations are broken.
  5. The detonation sensor is faulty.
  6. Depression losses take place.

The engine continues to work after a key povorachivaniye in situation 0

  1. Idling turns are excessively high.
  2. Malfunction of electric equipment, components of management or the locking fuel valve (diesel models) takes place.
  3. Serviceability of functioning of the valve of a purge of an adsorber of system of catching of fuel evaporations (EVAP) is broken.
  4. The working temperature of the engine is excessive. Decrease in level of cooling liquid, failure of the thermostat, blocking of a radiator or malfunction of the water pump can be the possible reasons of this violation.

The exhaust of the diesel engine is filled excessively with smoke

  1. Black smoke:
    • The air purifier is polluted, - wash out and fill with fresh oil or replace filtering element;
    • Inappropriate fuel is applied, - wash out a tank and replace fuel;
    • The moment of the beginning of giving of TNVD is incorrectly established, or the pump is faulty;
    • Tightness of the valve of a nozzle is broken. Check work of nozzles at the stand, if necessary disassemble and grind in the valve, or replace a nozzle assembled.
    • The EGR valve is faulty.
  2. Dark blue smoke:
    • Oil gets to the chamber (ы) combustion owing to wear of piston rings, its presence at an air purifier, wear of epiploons in covers of a turbokompressor, formation of thinnesses in laying between a block case and a turbokompressor, - repair the engine, replace epiploons, tighten bolts of fastening of a turbokompressor or replace laying;
    • Supply of fuel to one of nozzles is broken, - check on heating of final branch pipes of a collector;
    • Quality of dispersion of fuel by a nozzle owing to malfunction of the valve or spray break is broken, - grind in the valve or replace a nozzle.
  3. White or brown smoke:
    • The temperature of cooling liquid is insufficient, - check the thermostat;
    • Serviceability of functioning of nozzles owing to wear or spray break is broken, - replace a spray.

Engine electric equipment

Procedures of diagnostics of an electronic control system and codes of malfunctions are given in the Head of System of electric equipment of the engine.

Decrease in capacity or insufficient charging of the battery takes place

  1. The driving belt of the generator is worn-out or damaged, or adjustment of its tension is broken.
  2. Electrolit level is insufficient, or the battery is strongly discharged.
  3. Corrosion of plugs of the battery takes place, or weakened fastening of tips of wires on them.
  4. The generator does not provide a demanded current of a charging.
  5. Electroconducting of a charging contour is torn off or is in any other manner damaged, or weakened fastening of wires on plugs.
  6. The short circuit of electroconducting creating continuous leak on "mass" of a current developed by the battery takes place.
  7. Internal defect of the battery takes place.

The control lamp of a charge does not die away after engine start

  1. The driving belt of the generator is weakened/is worn-out.
  2. Weakened fastening of contact plugs of electroconducting of the generator.
  3. Short circuit in a power-supply circuit of a control lamp takes place.
  4. The stator, or diode assembly of the generator is damaged.
  5. The tension regulator is faulty. Disconnect a wire (D +) from a reverse side of the generator and include ignition, - if the control lamp does not light up, it is necessary to check a condition of a regulator of tension.
  6. Coal brushes are worn-out.
  7. The wire between the generator and a tension regulator is damaged.
  8. The combination of devices is faulty.

The control lamp of a charge does not light up at a key povorachivaniye in the situation "ON"

  1. Fused or otherwise actually control lamp on the dashboard failed.
  2. The generator is faulty.
  3. Defect of the printed-circuit board or electroconducting in the block of a combination of devices takes place, or the boss of a lamp is damaged.
  4. The corresponding safety lock if that is provided is beaten out.
  5. Electroconducting short circuit in the generator takes place.
  6. The vypryamitelny bridge of the generator is faulty.

The control lamp of a charge does not die away at a key povorachivaniye in situation 0

  1. Diodes are punched.

Start system

Contact plugs of electroconducting should be reliably fixed and are not oxidized!

  1. If the starter is not turned, first of all it is necessary to make sure of presence of necessary tension (at least 10 In) on the No. plug 50 traction relays. At negative results of check estimate an electroconducting condition.
  2. For check of serviceability of operation of a starter at full tension of the battery execute the following actions:
    • Not including transfers, turn a key in the situation "ON";
    • To Peremknita of the starter plug 30 and 50 wire section not less than 4 mm2.

If now the starter works faultlessly, the cause of defect should be looked for in a condition of its electroconducting, otherwise remove a starter and deliver it to HUNDRED for check in stationary conditions, previously having made sure of lack of signs of oxidation of contact plugs of connection of electroconducting.

The starter does not rotate

  1. The battery is discharged.
  2. To Peremknita of the starter plug 30 and 50: if the starter rotates, check on break the wire 50 brought to the lock, also estimate a condition of the switch of a starter.
  3. The weight wire is torn off, or quality of its terminal connection is broken, the battery is discharged.
  4. Weakening of a current owing to violation of quality or oxidation of contact connections takes place.
  5. There is no tension on the plug 50 traction relays as a result of electroconducting break, or damage of the switch of a starter.
  6. The contact group of the lock of ignition is faulty.
  7. The relay or the starter electromotor is faulty.
  8. The sensor switch of permission of start of AT/disconnection of a chain of a starter (RKPP) is faulty.

The starter rotates slowly and does not turn a cranked shaft

Address to the section Engine it is not turned in attempts of its start.

  1. The battery is discharged.
  2. In the engine it is filled in excessively dense (for the current weather conditions) oil.
  3. Contact sockets of electroconducting of sockets are weakened or oxidized.
  4. Coal brushes do not adjoin to a collector, подклинены in directing, are worn-out, broken, greasy or polluted.
  5. The distance between brushes and a collector does not suffice.
  6. The collector in is covered with furrows, scorched or was made oily.
  7. There is no tension on the plug 50 (at least 8 In).
  8. The bearing is broken.
  9. The traction relay is faulty.
  10. Internal mechanical damage of a starter takes place.
  11. The obgonny coupling of a starter revolves, or the gear wreath of a flywheel is damaged.

The starter "seizes", but provides only ryvkoobrazny provorachivaniye of the engine

  1. The gear wheel drive is faulty.
  2. The gear wheel is polluted.
  3. The gear wreath of a flywheel is damaged.

The gear wheel of a starter does not leave gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel / a driving disk

  1. Components of a drive of a gear wheel are polluted or damaged.
  2. The traction relay is faulty.
  3. The persistent spring of a drive of a starter a spring weakened.

The starter continues to work after an ignition key otpuskaniye

  1. The traction relay is jammed, - immediately switch off ignition and replace the traction relay.
  2. The contact group of the lock of ignition is faulty.
  3. Weakened elements of fastening of a starter.
  4. Components of driving assembly of a starter are worn-out.
  5. The returnable spring of driving assembly of a starter weakened or came off.

Functioning of a starter is accompanied by high-frequency squeal

Squeal appears during a provorachivaniye and disappears after ignition implementation.

  1. The gap of gearing of a gear wheel of a starter and gear wreath of a flywheel is excessive.

Squeal appears after implementation of start of the engine.

  1. The gap of gearing of a gear wheel of a starter and gear wreath of a flywheel is insufficient.

Power supply system

Fuel consumption is excessive

All models

  1. The filtering element of an air purifier is polluted or blocked.
  2. Pressure in tires does not suffice, or tires not are established that size.
  3. The engine has mechanical damages. Check a compression, in case of need make the corresponding regenerative repair.
  4. Turns of a single course / the maximum turns are excessively high during operation.

Petrol models

  1. Components of a power supply system, electric equipment or electronic control are faulty.
  2. Leaks in an inlet air path take place.
  3. Damages to release system / the catalytic converter take place.

Diesel engine

  1. It is littered returnable топливопровод. Blow the pipeline air in the direction from TNVD to a fuel tank.
  2. Tightness of fuel system is broken. Visually check everything топливопроводы (submitting, returnable, pressure head), the fuel filter and TNVD. Check system on tightness.

Leakages of fuel take place and/or there is a gasoline smell

  1. Leaks in lines of supply of fuel / ventilating lines take place.
  2. The fuel tank is overflowed, - filling make only before automatic shutdown of the gun.
  3. Take place leak/evaporation from lines of power supply systems and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases.

The engine is not started

Petrol models

  1. At starter inclusion the electric fuel pump is not activated (a characteristic sound is absent). Slightly knock on the pump case for release of the jammed element. Check serviceability of giving to power supply pump (estimate serviceability of a protective safety lock and reliability of fastening of contact plugs of the corresponding electroconducting).
  2. The relay of the fuel pump is faulty.
  3. Zalipli valves of injectors. Check injectors, if necessary replace. Check serviceability of giving of power supply on injectors, - disunite the contact socket of an injector, connect to a wire a diode lamp sampler and include a starter, - the lamp should start to blink.
  4. There is no signal from the sensor of ignition of CKP or the sensor of temperature of cooling liquid. Check a condition of the corresponding electroconducting, poll memory of system of onboard self-diagnostics (OBD).
  5. Passableness of gasoline pipe lines is broken.
  6. The fuel filter is littered.
  7. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken.
  8. Vacuum hoses are damaged, or violation of tightness of their landing takes place.
  9. The pressure regulator is damaged, - check residual pressure.
  10. The sensor of provision of a butterfly valve (TPS) is damaged.
  11. There is no food on the block of electronic control by the engine (ECM).
  12. Ventilation of a fuel tank is hammered, the filter in a tank is littered.
  13. Preheat does not work.
  14. The valve of an otsechka of fuel of the diesel engine is damaged.

Diesel models

  1. Glow plugs do not work. Check.
  2. The valve of interruption of supply of fuel does not open. Check the otsechka valve, control units the engine and the anticreeping alarm system.
  3. Malfunction in system of supply of fuel takes place:
    • Passableness топливопроводов is broken;
    • The fuel filter is littered;
    • In the fuel filter or pipelines ice/wax (in a winter season) accumulated;
    • The path of ventilation of a fuel tank is littered, or passableness of the filter in a tank is broken.
  4. Installation of the moment of injection of fuel is brought down.
  5. The nozzle is damaged (and).
  6. TNVD is faulty, - try to establish new, or obviously serviceable pump.

The cold engine is started badly, works unstably

  1. The contents WITH does not correspond to standard requirements, - make the corresponding measurement, check idling turns.
  2. The sensor of temperature of cooling liquid (ECT) or soaked-up air (IAT) is faulty.
  3. Pressure of fuel does not correspond to demanded value.
  4. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken.

The heated-up engine is badly started, works unstably

  1. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken. Without suppressing working at single turns the engine, moisten places of joints of elements of a path with gasoline, - if turns are quickly stabilized, eliminate not tight places.
  2. The return valve of the fuel pump is damaged.
  3. Leaks in a fuel path take place.
  4. Pressure of fuel in a power supply system is excessive.
  5. The system of catching of fuel evaporations (EVAP) is faulty.
  6. Passableness returnable топливопровода to a tank is broken.
  7. Zalipli valves of injectors. Check injectors, if necessary replace. Check serviceability of giving of power supply on injectors, - disunite the contact socket of an injector, connect to a wire a diode lamp sampler and include a starter, - the lamp should start to blink.
  8. There is no signal from the sensor of ignition of CKP or the sensor of temperature of cooling liquid. Check a condition of the corresponding electroconducting, poll memory of system of onboard self-diagnostics (OBD).
  9. The regulator of pressure of fuel is damaged, - check residual pressure.
  10. The sensor of provision of a butterfly valve (TPS) is damaged.
  11. There is no food on the block of electronic control by the engine (ECM).

The engine works with interruptions

  1. Sporadic violation of quality of contact connections in electroconducting of the fuel pump takes place. Check electroconducting of the fuel pump, a measuring instrument of a consumption of air and the relay of the fuel pump. Check a safety lock and contact plugs of the relay of the fuel pump. Clear contacts, if necessary replace.
  2. The car is filled with bad quality fuel, in топливопроводах steam jams are formed.
  3. The volume of supply of fuel is insufficient.
  4. The fuel filter is faulty.
  5. The fuel pump is faulty.
  6. Injectors are faulty.
  7. It is faulty a lambda probe, or its heating does not function.
  8. The sensor of provision of a butterfly valve (TPS) is faulty.
  9. The final collector or reception pipe of system of release is damaged.
  10. Serviceability of functioning of system of catching of fuel evaporations (EVAP) is broken.
  11. Weakened fastening of fuel hoses to TNVD and the fuel filter (diesel models).
  12. At connection points of connection of submitting and returnable TNVD pipelines are mixed.
  13. Zalipli valves of injectors. Check injectors, if necessary replace. Check serviceability of giving of power supply on injectors, - disunite the contact socket of an injector, connect to a wire a diode lamp sampler and include a starter, - the lamp should start to blink.
  14. There is no signal from the sensor of ignition of CKP or the sensor of temperature of cooling liquid. Check a condition of the corresponding electroconducting, poll memory of system of onboard self-diagnostics (OBD).
  15. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken.
  16. Tightness of vacuum lines is broken.
  17. The pressure regulator is damaged, - check residual pressure.
  18. There is no food on the block of electronic control by the engine (ECM).

The engine works with interruptions in transitional modes and in an idling mode

  1. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken. Without suppressing working at single turns the engine, moisten places of joints of elements of a path with gasoline, - if turns are quickly stabilized, eliminate not tight places.
  2. Installation of turns of idling is broken.
  3. The sensor of full loading is faulty or incorrectly adjusted. Check the sensor of provision of a butterfly valve (TPS).

The hot engine is not started

  1. Contents adjustment WITH in the fulfilled gases is broken. Check the contents WITH and installation of turns of idling.
  2. Pressure in fuel system is excessive, - check pressure of fuel, in case of need replace a regulator.
  3. Passableness of the returnable pipeline on a site between a regulator of pressure and a fuel tank is broken.
  4. The sensor of temperature of cooling liquid of the engine (ECT) is faulty.
  5. Tightness of a fuel path is broken.
  6. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken.

The diesel engine unstably works at single turns and at the moment of a car troganiye from a place

  1. Weakened fastening of fuel hoses to TNVD and the fuel filter.
  2. Connection points to TNVD submitting and returnable топливопроводов are mixed.

The engine continues to work after a key povorachivaniye in situation 0

  1. Tightness of injectors is broken.
  2. Does not work the valve of an otsechka of fuel (diesel models).

Greasing system

The control lamp is not activated at a key povorachivaniye in the situation "ON"

  1. The sensor of pressure of oil is faulty. Include ignition, disconnect from the sensor a wire and close it on "weight", - if the lamp lights up, replace the sensor.
  2. On the sensor power supply does not move, - check a condition of contact connections of the corresponding electroconducting.
  3. The control lamp is faulty.
  4. The combination of devices is faulty.

The control lamp does not die away after engine start

  1. Oil перегрето, - if a lamp dies away after squeezing of a pedal of gas, it is not necessary to worry.

The control lamp does not die away after squeezing of a pedal of gas at the started engine, or works during movement

  1. Oil level fell.
  2. Short circuit of electroconducting of the sensor of level of oil takes place.
  3. The sensor is faulty.

Pressure of oil is not enough on all turns

  1. Oil level fell.
  2. The mesh filter of a maslozabornik in the case pallet is littered.
  3. The oil pump is worn-out.
  4. Bearings of a cranked shaft are damaged.

Pressure of oil is not enough on small turns

  1. Zalip abroach as a result of pollution the reduktsionny valve of the oil pump.

Pressure of oil is excessive at turns over 2000 in a minute

  1. The Reduktsionny valve is jammed in a closed position.

Cooling system

Overheat

  1. Level of cooling liquid fell.
  2. The belt of a drive of the water pump is worn-out or damaged, or adjustment of its tension is broken.
  3. Internal channels of a path of system of cooling (including a radiator) are blocked, or as a result of a contamination passableness of air through the К/В radiator/condenser heat exchanger is broken.
  4. The thermostat is jammed in a closed position.
  5. Blades of a krylchatka of the fan of system of cooling are damaged.
  6. The coupling the coupling/electromotor of the fan of system of cooling is faulty.
  7. The measuring instrument of temperature of cooling liquid is faulty.
  8. The water pump is faulty.
  9. Does not hold pressure a radiator cover / a broad tank, - make cover check under pressure.

Overcooling

  1. The thermostat is jammed in open situation.
  2. Indications of a measuring instrument of temperature are inexact.

External leakages of cooling liquid

  1. Hoses of an okhladitelny path are damaged or destroyed as a result of material aging, or weakened their fastening on unions.
  2. Epiploons of the water pump are damaged, - cooling liquid will exude through a control opening in the pump case.
  3. Leaks from internal channels of the heat exchanger / the lateral tank (ов) a radiator take place.
  4. Leaks through a drain stopper of the engine, or vyzhimny jams of water galleries take place.

Internal leakages of cooling liquid

Internal leakages of cooling liquid usually come to light by check of a condition of impellent oil. Examine an edge measuring щупа on existence of traces of moisture and oil foaming.

  1. Leaks through laying of a head of cylinders take place, - make check of system of cooling by pressure.
  2. There are cracks in walls of cylinders or in head molding.

There are losses of cooling liquid

  1. In system the excessive amount of cooling liquid is filled.
  2. Cooling liquid boils away as a result of an engine overheat.
  3. Internal or external leakages of cooling liquid (take place see. Sections External leakages of cooling liquid and Internal leakages of cooling liquid).
  4. The radiator cover is faulty, - check a cover pressure.

Circulation of cooling liquid is broken

  1. The water pump does not function properly. Press the top hose of a radiator at the engine working at single turns, - if at an otpuskaniye of a hose the liquid push in it is felt, the pump functions regularly.
  2. Passableness of system of cooling is broken. Merge cooling liquid (see. Head the Current leaving and service), wash out system and fill it with a fresh mix. If there is such need, remove a radiator and carry out its obratnopotochny washing.
  3. The driving belt of the water pump is worn-out or damaged or adjustment of its tension is broken.
  4. The thermostat is jammed.

Heating and air conditioning systems

The map of problem diagnostics of To/in system is provided in the Section Diagnostics of malfunctions, check of components of To/in system of the Head of System of cooling, heating, ventilation and air conditioning.

The heater fan does not function

  1. The safety lock of the electromotor of the fan is beaten out.
  2. The fan switch is faulty, - make sure of serviceability of giving of power supply on resistive assembly, remove and check the fan switch.
  3. The driving electromotor is faulty. Check serviceability of giving of power supply on contact plugs of the motor of the fan at the included ignition and the closed switch of the fan, - if tension takes place, replace the electromotor.

The fan of a heater does not function in one of high-speed modes

  1. Resistive assembly is faulty.

The heater is not switched off by a regulator

  1. The switch is faulty.
  2. The drive of a mixing zaslonka is damaged.

The heater does not develop the demanded capacity

  1. Level of cooling liquid fell.
  2. The hummock drive of managing directors a zaslonok is faulty.
  3. The thermostat is jammed in a closed position, - check indications of a measuring instrument of temperature of the engine.
  4. Passableness of cooling liquid via the heater heat exchanger is broken.
  5. Serviceability of supply of air is broken.
  6. Serviceability of functioning of the fan of a heater is broken.
  7. Plates of the heat exchanger of a heater are greasy.

Functioning of the fan is accompanied by the raised noise background

  1. In крыльчатку / extraneous subjects got to the air highway (dirt, leaves).
  2. Balancing of a krylchatka is broken, the bearing is damaged.

The To/in compressor does not function

  1. Break in a chain of electroconducting of the coupling of coupling of the compressor takes place, or the coupling is faulty actually.
  2. Quality of grounding of the coupling of coupling of the compressor is broken.
  3. Weakened a tension of a belt of a drive of the fan.
  4. The thermostatic sensor switch is faulty, or its adjustment is broken.
  5. The sensor switch of temperature of external air is faulty.

Operation of the compressor leads to increase of level of vibrations

  1. Weakened fixing bolts.
  2. The bearing of the coupling of coupling of the compressor / an intermediate roller failed.
  3. Adjustment of a tension of a driving belt is broken.
  4. The coupling of coupling of the compressor adjoins to body elements.
  5. Excessively internal pressure in a refrigerator path.
  6. Level of compressor oil fell.
  7. The lamellar valve is damaged.
  8. The compressor is damaged.

The To/in system does not provide due efficiency of cooling of air

  1. Serviceability of functioning of the broad valve is broken.
  2. The operating valve of a heater is jammed in open situation.
  3. Pressure in a refrigerator path suffices.
  4. Passableness of the heat exchanger of the condenser/evaporator is broken.
  5. Components of a drive of management of functioning of systems of heating/air conditioning are faulty.
  6. Serviceability of supply of air is broken.
  7. Zaslonka of a choice of modes of functioning of systems of heating/conditioning are jammed.
  8. The temperature of external air exceeds К/В system possibilities.

Coupling

Serviceability of switching off of coupling (at the pedal squeezed out to a floor inclusion/switching off of a reverse gear is complicated) is broken

  1. Adjustment of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling is broken.
  2. On a conducted disk of coupling oil got.
  3. The diafragmenny spring "gave".
  4. Leakages of hydraulic liquid from the main thing or the executive cylinder of a drive of coupling take place.
  5. Air (softness of a course of a pedal takes place) got to the hydraulic highway of a drive of coupling.
  6. The sealing cuff of the piston of the main thing or the executive cylinder is damaged.
  7. The lack of greasing of the directing bearing takes place.

Coupling revolves (turns of the engine raise without increase in speed of movement of the car)

  1. Revolve on a slippery covering of a wheel.
  2. Peregret a conducted disk of coupling, - park the car and let's to a disk cool down.
  3. Frictional overlays of a conducted disk are polluted by the oil filtering through a back epiploon of a cranked shaft.
  4. The new conducted disk (for final not less than 30-40 starts are necessary to make extra earnings of a new disk) was not earned extra.
  5. Deformation of assembly of a basket of a coupling/flywheel takes place.
  6. The diafragmenny spring weakened.
  7. There was piston "zalipaniye" in the main cylinder of coupling as a result of hit of extraneous particles.
  8. The mechanism of switching off of coupling is jammed.
  9. Hydraulic lines of a drive of coupling are damaged.

At inclusion of coupling there is a vibration

  1. Are polluted by oil, are deformed, burned through, or заполированы to shine frictional slips conducted the disk/worker a flywheel surface.
  2. Weakened rivets of fastening of frictional slips.
  3. Support of a suspension bracket of the power unit are worn-out, or weakened their fastening.
  4. Shlitsa of primary shaft of a transmission or nave of a conducted disk are worn-out.
  5. Deformation of assembly of a basket of a coupling/flywheel takes place.
  6. Fatigue deformation of a diafragmenny spring takes place.
  7. The directing bearing in a pin of a cranked shaft is jammed.

During the squeezing or an otpuskaniye of a pedal of coupling there are extraneous noise

  1. Adjustments of a pedal of coupling are broken.
  2. The bearing is jammed by Vyzhimna on a transmission shaft.
  3. The directing bearing is worn-out or damaged.
  4. Will burst a conducted disk of coupling.
  5. Fatigue deformation of torsionny springs of a conducted disk of coupling takes place.
  6. Components of assembly of a basket of coupling are worn-out.
  7. The diafragmenny spring of a press disk is broken.
  8. Axial plugs of a pedal of coupling are worn-out or overdried.
  9. Turns of idling of the engine are insufficient.

The coupling pedal after an otpuskaniye does not come back to a starting position

  1. Serviceability of functioning of the main thing or the executive cylinder of coupling is broken.
  2. The piston in the main thing or the executive cylinder is jammed.
  3. Components of a drive of switching off of coupling are damaged or jammed.
  4. Air got to the hydraulic highway.

For squeezing of a pedal of coupling the excessive effort is required

  1. The piston in the main thing or the executive cylinder is jammed.
  2. Assembly of a basket of coupling is faulty.
  3. The main or executive cylinder of the wrong standard size is established.

Manual box of gear shifting

The box established on neutral transfer publishes noise at the working engine

  1. Bearings of primary shaft (noise appear at an otpuskaniye of a pedal of coupling and disappear at its squeezing) are worn-out.
  2. The bearing of a leading shaft of a box is worn-out.
  3. Level of transmission oil fell.
  4. The coupling bearing (noise appear at the squeezed-out pedal of coupling and can decrease at its otpuskaniye) is worn-out vyzhimny.
  5. Variations of a torque of the engine can be a source of noise, - correction of turns of idling can lead to situation correction.

Noise take place on all transfers

Any of listed above the reasons, plus:

  1. The secondary shaft of a transmission, or its bearings is worn-out or damaged.

Noise arise on any concrete transfer

  1. Teeths of gear wheels of a transmission are worn-out, chopped off or are otherwise damaged.
  2. Synchronizers are worn-out or damaged.

Noise arise at gear shifting

  1. Serviceability of functioning of coupling is broken.
  2. Assemblies of synchronizers are faulty.

The box "comes off" the chosen transfer

  1. The cuff of the lever of gear shifting hardened.
  2. Components of a drive of gear shifting are jammed.
  3. The gear shifting mechanism is worn-out.
  4. Weakened bolts of fastening of RKPP to the engine.
  5. The holder of the bearing of primary gear wheel is broken, or weakened its fastening.
  6. Between a clutch lever and a case of the engine dirt got.
  7. Control balls, flutes of spherical support of rods of forks of switching, or control springs are worn-out or damaged.
  8. Bearings of a conducted or intermediate shaft are worn-out.
  9. Support of a suspension bracket of the power unit are worn-out.
  10. It is excessive axial люфт gear wheels.
  11. Synchronizers are worn-out.

Leakages of transmission oil take place

  1. In a box the excessive amount of transmission oil is filled in.
  2. The epiploon of a target shaft, or sealing cuff of a speedometer is damaged.

Gear shifting is complicated

  1. Coupling is faulty.
  2. Components of the mechanism of a drive of gear shifting are worn-out or damaged.
  3. Level of transmission oil fell.
  4. Transmission oil needs replacement.
  5. The shock rod is worn-out or damaged.
  6. RKPP gear wheels are jammed.
  7. Blocks of synchronizers are worn-out.

There is a box blocking on any of transfers

  1. Wear, or weakening of landing of driving draft takes place.

Automatic transmission (AT)

In view of complexity of a design of AT diagnostics of its malfunctions and repair of components is desirable for carrying out in a workshop of car-care center or representation office of the KIA company.

Procedures of diagnostics of an electronic control system by transmission and codes of malfunctions are given in Head Automatic transmission.

The common problems connected with functioning of the mechanism of switching

  1. It is possible to carry the following to number of the refusals connected with violation of adjustment of a drive of switching:
    • Start of the engine is possible at provisions of transmission, distinct from "R" (Parking) and “N” (Neutral);
    • Indications of the indicator of provision of transmission differ from really chosen transfer;
    • The car moves at the transmission established in the situation "R" or "N";
    • Transfers are switched hardly, or is any.

Transmission revolves, is switched hardly, publishes extraneous noise or does not provide car movement at installation on one of lobbies, or a reverse gear

  1. There is a set of the possible reasons of the listed problems, however under competence of the amateur mechanic one of them - the wrong level of ATF gets only.
  2. Before driving away the car in a workshop of car-care center check level and a condition of transmission liquid. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, or replace ATF together with the filter, - if the made corrections did not lead to situation correction, address for the help to specialists of car-care center.

Leakages of transmission liquid take place

  1. ATF has dark red color. Traces of its leaks should not be confused to traces of impellent oil which can be demolished on a case of transmission by a running stream of air.
  2. For identification and localization of a source of leak first of all remove from a boat AT all traces of dirt and greasing. Use a suitable obezzhirivatel and/or make steam cleaning. Then make on the car a short trip on small speed (that traces of leak did not communicate a running stream far from its source). Stop, поддомкратьте the car and by visual survey establish sources of leaks. More often as those act:
    • The pallet of a case of transmission, - tighten fixing bolts and/or replace pallet laying;
    • Directing tube щупа measurements of level of ATF, - replace rubber consolidation in a place of an entrance of a tube in a transmission case;
    • Drain/jellied stopper, - tighten the corresponding stopper / change a sealing washer.
    • The ATF lines, - tighten shtutserny connections / replace defective tubes;
    • The ventilating tube, - transmission is overflowed and/or moisture got to it.

ATF is painted in brown color and/or smells as ashes

  1. Level of transmission liquid is insufficient.

The kickdown mode does not join by full pressing a pedal

  1. ATF level fell.
  2. The control system of the engine is faulty.
  3. The sensor switch of activation of the kickdown mode is faulty, or its electroconducting is damaged.
  4. Adjustment of a drive of switching is broken.

The engine is not started at any position of the lever of the selector, or started in provisions, distinct from "R" and «N»

  1. Adjustment of the sensor switch of permission of start is broken.
  2. Serviceability of functioning of a control system is broken by the engine.
  3. Adjustment of a drive of switching is broken.

Transmission revolves, gear shifting is accompanied by breakthroughs or increase of a noise background. The car does not move at inclusion of modes "D" or "R"

  1. ATF level fell.
  2. The sensor of provision of transmission is faulty, or its electroconducting is damaged.
  3. Serviceability of functioning of a control system is broken by the engine.

Transfer case

Extraneous noise in any position of the lever of switching

  1. Bearings of an entrance shaft are worn-out or damaged.
  2. Bearings of a back target shaft are worn-out or damaged.
  3. Tires are worn-out or pumped insufficiently up, or wheels of the wrong standard size are established.
  4. Greasing level fell in a transfer case.

Switching of modes of a transfer case is complicated

  1. Greasing level fell in a transfer case.
  2. The switching fork is worn-out or damaged.
  3. Are worn-out, погнуты or switching rods are damaged.
  4. Are worn-out, погнуты or shaft are damaged.

The 4WD mode does not join

  1. Will bend or is damaged a switching rod.
  2. The lamp of the corresponding light indicator (the forward drive is connected, but the lamp does not work) fused, - replace a lamp.
  3. There was a chain break.
  4. There was a shift or damage of the lever of switching of modes of a transfer case, - make the corresponding adjustment, or replace the lever.

During movement there is a spontaneous shutdown of a forward drive

  1. The switching mechanism is worn-out.
  2. Are worn-out, or gear wheels of a transfer case are damaged.
  3. Are worn-out, or stupichny couplings of a free wheeling are damaged.

Excessive wear of protectors takes place

  1. The full drive is used at movement on a dry firm covering.

Leakages of oil through epiploons of target shaft, or through ventilating сапун take place

  1. In a transfer case the excessive amount of oil is filled in.
  2. Passableness of ventilating lines is broken.

During movement there is a spontaneous inclusion of a forward drive

  1. Depression losses in a vacuum path of a drive of couplings of a free wheeling take place.

Bridges

Extraneous noise

  1. Usual road noise, - adjustment do not give in.
  2. Noise of tires, - check a condition of protectors and pressure of a rating of tires.
  3. Bearings of wheels are worn-out or damaged, or weakened effort of their tightening.

Vibrations

  1. Check a condition of bearings of wheels, serially poddomkrachivy corresponding from corners of the car and rotating a wheel in the manual. Listen thus to sounds starting with the bearing. Remove bearings and check their condition.

Leakages of oil

  1. Epiploons of differentials are damaged.

At delay of speed during movement arises the howling sound which is passing to a gnash and coming to an end with sharp blow in the field of the forward bridge

  1. Spontaneous turning on of stupichny couplings as a result of violation of tightness of a vacuum path of their activation, - the vacuum valve switch located near a receiver in the left back corner of an impellent compartment most likely failed.

Brake system

Before coming to the final conclusion about existence of problems with brake system make sure that tires are in a satisfactory condition and are pumped up with demanded pressure, adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels and the car is not broken is not loaded non-uniformly.

The course of a pedal of a brake is increased

  1. The working contour of a brake path is damaged, - check system on leaks.

The pedal of a foot brake springs and fails

  1. Air got to the brake highway, - pump over system.
  2. Liquid level fell in the GTTs tank, - make the corresponding adjustment, pump over system.
  3. In a hydraulic path there is a boiling up of brake liquid. It is shown, mainly, at big load of brakes. Replace brake liquid, remove air from system. Before a start of motion do not forget to release the parking brake.

Efficiency of braking is lowered, the pedal fails

  1. Tightness of a hydraulic path is broken.
  2. Cuffs in the main thing or working brake cylinders are damaged.

Demanded efficiency of braking is not reached, despite considerable effort of squeezing of a pedal

  1. Frictional overlays of brake shoes are greasy.
  2. The hardened blocks are established improper, or.
  3. The brake amplifier is faulty.
  4. Brake shoes are worn-out.

When braking course stability (the car withdraws in one of the parties) is broken

  1. Pressure of air in tires does not correspond to the demanded.
  2. Protectors are non-uniformly worn-out.
  3. Brake slips are greasy.
  4. On one axis different brake blocks/tyres are established.
  5. Excessively, or brake shoes are non-uniformly worn-out.
  6. Wheel cylinders/mines of supports are polluted.
  7. Supports are damaged by corrosion.

There is a spontaneous braking / brake mechanisms overheat

  1. The compensatory opening in the main brake cylinder is littered.
  2. The gap between a driving rod and the GTTs piston is insufficient.

When braking there are vibrations (trembling of brakes)

  1. Blocks of inadequate type are established.
  2. The brake disk in places is damaged by corrosion.
  3. The size of palpation of a brake disk exceeds limiting admissible value.

Brake shoes do not depart from a brake disk, the wheel is hardly turned manually

  1. Cylinders of supports are damaged by corrosion.

Non-uniform wear of blocks takes place

  1. Blocks of inadequate type are established.
  2. Supports are damaged by corrosion.
  3. The piston stroke is complicated.
  4. Tightness of a hydraulic path of brake system is broken.

Wedge-shaped wear of brake shoes takes place

  1. Parallelism of landing of a support of rather brake disk is broken.
  2. Supports are damaged by corrosion.
  3. Serviceability of functioning of the piston is broken.

When braking there is a scratch

  1. Humidity of atmospheric air is increased. If the scratch arises after long parking at the increased humidity and then vanishes, it is not necessary to worry.
  2. Blocks of inadequate type are established.
  3. Parallelism of landing of a support of rather brake disk is broken.
  4. The support mine is polluted.
  5. Pognuta of a spring of fastening of blocks.
  6. Press springs are stretched.

During braking there are distinct pulsations of a pedal of a brake

  1. Sign of normal operation of ABS (informative pedal).
  2. The size of palpation of a brake disk exceeds limiting admissible value.
  3. Parallelism of landing of a support of rather brake disk is broken.

The control lamp of ABS works during movement

  1. Insufficiently onboard supply voltage (below 10 In). Check, whether the control lamp of the generator after engine start dies away. If everything is all right, check a condition and effort of a tension of a belt of a drive of the generator.
  2. Malfunction of ABS takes place, - check a condition and reliability of fixing of terminal connection of weight of the returnable pump (in the hydromodulator).

Suspension bracket and steering

The car withdraws at movement in one of the parties

  1. Tires are pumped non-uniformly up.
  2. Defect of tires takes place.
  3. Suspension bracket or steering components are excessively worn-out.
  4. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is broken.
  5. Forward brake mechanisms are taken.

Breakthroughs, derganye or vibrations take place

  1. Balancing of wheels is broken or there was an ovality of disks.
  2. Bearings of wheels are worn-out, weakened effort of their tightening or adjustment is broken.
  3. Racks shock-absorbers or other components of a suspension bracket are worn-out or damaged.

Excessive rocking car "/zaryvaniye" his nose on turns takes place or when braking

  1. Racks shock-absorbers are faulty.
  2. Suspension bracket components are damaged.

Too hardly the steering wheel rotates

  1. Excessively liquid level fell in the tank of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel.
  2. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
  3. Hinges of a steering drive are insufficiently greased.
  4. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is broken.
  5. The hydraulic booster does not develop the demanded capacity.

Takes place excessive люфт a steering

  1. Weakened effort of a tightening of bearings of forward wheels.
  2. Suspension bracket or steering components are excessively worn-out.

The GUR system does not develop due effort

  1. The driving belt of the pump of the hydraulic booster is worn-out or damaged, or adjustment of his tension is broken.
  2. Excessively level of hydraulic liquid fell.
  3. Passableness of lines of a working path of GUR is broken.
  4. Air got to hydraulic system, - "pump over" system.

Excessive wear of protectors (not local) takes place

  1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
  2. Balancing of wheels is broken.
  3. Disks of wheels are damaged.
  4. Suspension bracket or steering components are excessively worn-out.

Excessive wear of protectors on external edge takes place

  1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
  2. Turns are too sharply made.
  3. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (excessive convergence) is broken.
  4. Will bend or is braided the suspension bracket lever.

Excessive wear of protectors on internal edge takes place

  1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
  2. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (divergence) is broken.
  3. Steering components are damaged, or weakened their fastening.

Local wear of a protector takes place

  1. Balancing of wheels is broken.
  2. Are damaged or погнуты disks.
  3. Defect of tires takes place.

Screen wipers

Proskalzyvaniye

  1. Rubber working elements are polluted.
  2. Edges of brushes are shabby, rubber working elements are worn-out or broken off.

The water remains in an area of coverage of cleaners gather at once to drops

  1. The windscreen is polluted by varnish polish or oil.

The brush provides normal purification of glass only at one-way traffic

  1. The rubber working element has unilateral wear.
  2. The lever of a screen wiper is braided, the brush not densely adjoins to glass.

The brush provides normal purification of glass on all working surface

  1. Reliability of fixing of a working element in a brush frame is broken.
  2. The brush adjoins to glass non-uniformly.
  3. The effort of pressing of a brush the lever does not suffice, - slightly grease hinges of levers of a screen wiper and a spring, or replace the corresponding lever.

Defects of tires

Bilateral regional wear of a working surface of a protector on all perimeter of the tire

  1. Pressure of a rating of the tire does not suffice.

Wear of the central part of a protector on all perimeter of the tire

  1. Pressure of a rating of the tire is excessive.

Non-uniform wear of a protector

  1. Static and dynamic balancing of a wheel, probably, owing to excessive lateral palpation of a disk, or люфта in bearing hinges is broken.

Non-uniform wear of the central part of a protector

  1. Static and dynamic balancing of a wheel, probably, owing to excessive vertical palpation is broken.

Local wear of the central part of a protector

  1. Result of sharp braking.

Sawtooth wear of a protector, it is frequent together with a rupture of a fabric basis of the tire invisible outside

  1. Result of an overload of the car. Check a condition of internal walls of tires.

Scaly wear of lateral edges of a protector

  1. Adjustment of corners of installation of wheels is broken.
  2. Tires are worn-out.
  3. Shock-absorbers / торсионные springs / rack-mount assemblies are faulty.

Formation of agnails on one party of a protector of a forward wheel

  1. Adjustment of a convergence of wheels is broken.
  2. Tires are worn-out.
  3. Result of frequent movement on wavy surfaces.
  4. Result of violation of a high-speed mode at commission of turns.

Ruptures of a cord (at the initial stage the tires which were showed only on inside)

  1. Result of blows of the tire about sharp stones, rails, etc.

Unilateral wear of a working surface of a protector

  1. Disorder adjustment is broken.
  2. Has malfunction of ABS, - check a condition and reliability of fixing of terminal connection of weight of the returnable pump (in the hydromodulator).