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>> Combination of devices, measuring instruments, control lamps and light indicators
Combination of devices, measuring instruments, control lamps and light indicators
Combination of devices (petrol models)
Illumination of devices is activated at inclusion of running fires. Adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices is made by means of the handle located on the dashboard to the left of a steering column. Press the handle so that she was nominated from the facing panel, and, rotating it in the demanded direction, adjust intensity of illumination. Having finished adjustment, drown the handle for the purpose of prevention of its casual rotation.
Handle of adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices
The speedometer is located in the central part of a combination of devices and shows speed of movement of the car in km/h (miles/h).
In the dial of a speedometer the odometer and the counter of the current run are built in.
Odometer and counter of the current run
The odometer registers the general run of a vehicle from the moment of input it in operation.
The dumped counter of the current run allows to trace a distance in kilometers of a concrete trip of the car (from the moment of the last zeroing of indications). Dumping of the counter is carried out by pressing the corresponding button located from below to the right of the dial of a speedometer.
The tachometer is located to the left of a speedometer and shows frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in thousand revolutions per minute, - the indication of a measuring instrument follows домножить on 1000.
The tachometer is intended for tracking of turns of the engine at gear shifting (model with RKPP). Besides, the competent relation to using devices allows to avoid dangerous increase/fall of turns of the engine. Try not to allow arrow hits in the range of a scale of a measuring instrument allocated with red color.
The arrow of a tachometer can twitch slightly at an ignition key povorachivaniye in the situation ACC or ON at the working engine that is not a sign of malfunction and should not cause concern.
The index of a stock of fuel/temperature of cooling liquid
The combined dial of indexes of a stock of fuel and temperature of cooling liquid is located in the right part of a combination of devices and serves for visual monitoring of a stock of fuel remaining in a tank (the left measuring instrument) and temperatures of cooling liquid of the engine (the right measuring instrument).
The error of indications of the index of a stock of fuel is minimum, when the car occupies strictly horizontal situation, and increases at car movement on twisting or hilly roads. Functioning of the index does not depend on position of the ignition key. The label of F corresponds to a condition of complete filling, E - to an empty tank. When in a tank there are about 10 liters of fuel, the control lamp is activated corresponding built in in the bottom field of a combination of devices.
The index of temperature of cooling liquid functions only at the included ignition. Moving of an arrow of the index to a mark H indicates a dangerous overheat of the engine, - in this case it is necessary to stop movement, to switch off To/in (if it was included) and to wait engine cooling. Check level of cooling liquid, examine components of system of cooling on existence of signs of development of leaks, in case of need make the corresponding corrections / add cooling liquid. If to establish the overheat reason independently it is not possible, the car should be driven away on HUNDRED for more detailed check and regenerative repair.
Control lamps and light indicators
The whole complex of control lamps and light indicators is built in assembly of a combination of devices of the car (see an illustration
the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of management on the dashboard and the central console) by means of which the driver receives important information on serviceability/violation of functioning of the main units and car systems.
Some control lamps are built in the corresponding switches located on the dashboard and on the central console of the car.
At inclusion of ignition are without fail activated, confirming serviceability of the condition, control lamps of pressure of oil, a charge, «Fasten belts», brake system, MIL («Check the engine»), ABS and SRS, and two last die away some seconds later. Other lamps/indicators are activated only in case of fixing by the relevant system of the car of critical value of the under control parameter.
After implementation of start of the engine at the switched-off additional systems on a combination of devices remain to burn only control lamp «Fasten belts» (until the driver's seat belt will not be clasped) and brake system (if the parking brake is cocked, or level of brake liquid in the GTTs tank fell below a critical mark).
Refusal any of the listed lamps from shutdown testifies to malfunction in the relevant under control system (greasings, a charge, brake, ABS, engine management).
Below the list and the description of the devices of control lamps built in in a combination and light indicators is provided.
— Light indicators of indexes of turns and alarm system.
Doubling of frequency of operation of indicators usually testifies to failure of a lamp of one or several of indexes of turns.
— Light indicator of activation темпостата. It is used on models of the corresponding complete set, it is activated at inclusion of a control system by speed and dies away at its shutdown by any of ways (see. Part Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems).
— The light indicator of activation of all-wheel drive (4WD) of a mode, - confirms the input fact in gearing of gear wheels of a transfer case. Lights up at a choice of modes 4Н and 4L of a transfer case and dies away at return of the handle of switching to the situation "2H".
— Control lamp of system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS). It is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testifies to violation of serviceability of functioning of ABS, - the car should be driven away immediately on HUNDRED companies KIA for carrying out diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.
At the included control lamp the system of anti-blocking of brakes will not operate, the brake system continues to function in a usual mode.
— This light indicator is provided only on models from AT and serves for confirmation of switching of transmission in a mode of deduction (HOLD) (see. Part Receptions of operation and auxiliary systems).
— Indicator of activation of the AT sports mode.
Activation of the HOLD mode leads to an automatic exit of transmission from a sports mode with shutdown of the corresponding indicator.
— Control lamp of pressure of impellent oil. Refusal of this lamp of shutdown the placenta of implementation of start of the engine, and also its activation during movement testify to dangerous pressure drop of impellent oil. It is necessary to stop immediately movement and to muffle the engine. Check level of impellent oil, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment. If the Control lamp works at normal level of oil, the car should be driven away on HUNDRED carrying out more detailed diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.
— Control lamp of a charge. It is activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testify to malfunction existence in charge system, - check effort of a tension of a driving belt of the generator, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment. If a belt as it should be, it is necessary to drive away the car on HUNDRED for identification and elimination of a cause of failure.
By means of a generating belt also water pump in view of what its easing is interfaced to danger of an overheat of the engine is given!
— A control lamp «Fasten belts« reminds the driver of need of a pristegivaniye a seat belt. The lamp is activated at inclusion of ignition and continues to burn until the buckle of a seat belt of a driver's seat will be latched.
Within the first several seconds after ignition inclusion of need of a pristegivaniye seat belts will remind in addition a gong.
— Control lamp of low level of brake liquid and refusals brake system/indicator of raising of the parking brake. It is activated at ignition inclusion, should die away after implementation of start of the engine provided that the parking brake is released. At refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also at its activation during movement it is necessary to stop and check level of brake liquid in the GTTs tank, and also attentively to examine components of a hydraulic path of brake system on existence of leaks. In case of need eliminate the reasons of development of leaks and add in the tank fresh liquid.
Movement on the car with faulty brake system is not admissible at all!
— Control lamp of the minimum stock of fuel. Points to decrease in level of fuel in a tank to the minimum value (less than 10 l) and reminds of need of refueling.
— Control lamp of leaky closing of doors. It is activated in any position of the switch of ignition, no less than at the taken key and serves for the prevention of leaky closing of one or several doors of the car.
— This light indicator serves for confirmation of activation of a driving beam of headlights.
— Indicators of position of the lever of the AT selector ("R", «R», «N», «D», «2» or «L») are used only on models from AT and are built in the bottom sector of the dial of indexes of a stock of fuel and engine temperature.
— Indicator of activation of heating of back glass.
Heating of glass is automatically disconnected on a timer signal about 15 minutes of continuous functioning of a heating element later, and also at key extraction from the ignition lock.
— The control lamp of refusals (MIL / »Check the engine») is activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testifies to violation of serviceability of functioning of a control system by the engine with record of the corresponding DTC code in memory of the processor of system of onboard self-diagnostics (OBD).
Cleaning of memory of OBD can be made by a way of a detachment of a negative wire from the storage battery for the period of not less than 30 seconds, - the lamp should go out.
— Control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS). It is quickly activated at inclusion of ignition and should die away right after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of shutdown, and also its activation during movement testify violation of serviceability of a condition any of the SRS components. Serviceability of operation of safety cushions and emergency natyazhitel of seat belts in an emergency at the included control lamp is guaranteed cannot, - the car should be driven away at the first possibility on HUNDRED for carrying out necessary diagnostics of implementation of the corresponding regenerative repair.
Sound indication is used (an alarm gong) in the following cases:
- At not fastened seat belt of a driver's seat, - at ignition inclusion the gong is activated approximately for 6 seconds;
- When opening a driver's door in case the key is left in the ignition lock;
- When opening a door driver's in case external lighting devices are left included.