The device and repair of Kia Sportage SUVs (KIA of Sportazh) - Checks of levels of working liquids-//kupit-derevo.ru
KIA of Sportazh - Kia Sportage
Governing bodies and operation receptions
Current leaving and service
   General information
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   Check of level of working liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   RKPP transmission oil replacement
   Replacement of greasings of a transfer case and differentials
   Greasing of locks and loops
   Check of a condition of boots of power shafts
   Greasing of universal hinges of driveshafts
   Check of components of brake system
   Check of functioning of system of cooling and frost resistance of cooling liquid, liquid replacement
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier
   Replacement of spark plugs
   Replacement of candles of an incandescence
   Check of a condition and effort of a tension of belts of a drive of auxiliary units
   Check of a condition and reliability of fastening of components of the chassis, suspension bracket and steering drive
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment, localization of leaks
   Power supply system check, replacement of the fuel filter
   Check of turns of idling
   ATF replacement
   Check of serviceability of functioning of the PCV valve (petrol models)
   Check of a condition of VV of electroconducting (petrol models)
   Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of GRM
   Check of central air of air
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging
Engine
Systems of cooling, heating, ventilation and air conditioning
Power supply systems, managements of engine/decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases and production of the fulfilled gases
Systems of electric equipment of the engine
Five-step manual box of gear shifting
Automatic transmission
Transmission line
Brake system
Suspension bracket and steering
Body
Onboard electric equipment
Control body sizes
Schemes of electric connections



Kia Sportage>> Current leaving and service>> Check of level of working liquids

Checks of levels of working liquids

Irrespective of terms of performance of procedures of service of the car according to the Schedule THAT, regularly examine the car on existence of signs of external leakages of the working liquids indicating presence of breakages demanding immediate correction.

Liquids are the integral component of systems of greasing, cooling, braking, hydrostrengthening of a wheel and washing of glasses. In view of a gradual expense and pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, it is necessary to replace them periodically. Use for correction of levels only Chapters meeting the requirements of Specifications the Current leaving and liquid service.

At check of level of any liquid the car should occupy strictly horizontal situation.

Impellent oil

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, - location щупа in an impellent compartment is shown on an illustration the Impellent compartment (on an example of the car equipped with the petrol engine). Shchup is passed in a metal directing tube and passes down, reaching a bottom of the pallet of a case of the engine.
  1. Measurement of level of impellent oil should be made before start of the engine or not less than through 2 mines after it останова.

If to start measurement of level of impellent oil right after engine switching off, the part of oil remains in the top part of the unit and it will be impossible to consider results of measurement authentic.

  1. Start the engine, warm up it to normal working temperature, then muffle and wait some minutes, let's to oil flow down in the case pallet.
  2. Take щуп from a directing tube and dry wipe its edge pure неворсящейся rags / a paper towel. Against the stop enter щуп back and again take it from a directing tube. The length of the site of the end of an edge moistened with oil will correspond to oil level in the engine. Thus the edge of the moistened site should be between labels of F and L on щупе.
  3. If level of impellent oil is near the bottom mark (L), or fell below it, make the corresponding adjustment, having added a little oil through the jellied mouth equipped with a cover located from above on a cover of a head of cylinders, - remember that engine overflow by oil can be at the bottom of "pelting" of spark plugs, developments of leakages of oil, failure of epiploons, and also damages of the catalytic converter.
  4. Having added oil, wait some minutes, let's it to level be stabilized, then take щуп and repeat procedure of check of level. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment. If on a cover of a jellied mouth pollution are found, wash out it gasoline. Screw a cover on a mouth and tighten by hand.

Cooling liquid of the engine

Do not allow antifreeze hit on open sites of a body and the painted surfaces of the car. Casual splashes immediately wash away a plentiful quantity of water. Remember that antifreeze is extremely toxic liquid and its hit in an organism even in small amounts is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to a lethal outcome. Never leave antifreeze being stored in leaky closed container, immediately collect cooling liquid spilled on a floor. Remember that the sweetish smell of antifreeze can draw to itself attention of children and animals. About ways utilization of the fulfilled cooling liquid consult with local authorities, - in many regions of the world special points on different reception of working off are equipped. At all do not merge old cooling liquid in the sewerage and on the earth!

Do not uncover a jellied mouth of a broad tank/radiator before complete cooling of the engine!

Cars considered in the real Management are equipped with system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The plastic broad tank both on petrol, and is located on diesel models in the left forward corner of an impellent compartment (see an illustration the Impellent compartment (on an example of the car equipped with the petrol engine)) and it is connected by a perelivny hose to a radiator of system of cooling. In process of an engine warming up in the course of its functioning extending cooling liquid is forced out in a tank cavity. When cooling engine liquid automatically comes back on a perelivny hose to the working highway of system of cooling.

Check of level of cooling liquid in a broad tank should be made regularly, at least, once a year (it is desirable before approach of colds), and also before each long trip. Liquid level in the tank fluctuates depending on temperature of the engine and at the cold unit should be above a label of "L" on an edge attached to a cover щупа.
Otsenochno level of liquid can be checked visually through translucent walls of a tank. In process of engine heating level of liquid should come nearer to MAX label, or rise a little above, - if this requirement is not carried out, let's to the engine cool down, then uncover the tank and make the corresponding adjustment.

For filling of system of cooling surely apply a mix from water, antifreeze and means to protection against corrosion according to requirements of Specifications of Head the Current leaving and service.

If there is a need of filling of system of cooling for a way, it is possible to apply pure soft water in the summer, - antifreeze can be added after, at the first possibility.


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. If level of cooling liquid quickly goes down, visually check cooling system on existence of signs of development of leaks:
    • Check a condition of hoses and reliability of their fastening on the branch pipes, the damaged components replace;
    • Check correctness and density of landing of a cover of a broad tank.
  2. If leaks it is not revealed, make check of tightness of a cover of a radiator and all okhladitelny path (see. Head of System of cooling, heating, ventilation and air conditioning).
  3. It is necessary to check also a condition of cooling liquid, - it should be rather pure and transparent. If liquid has brown or rusty color, it it is necessary to merge, wash out an okhladitelny path and to fill system with a fresh mix. Even if liquid looks normally, it is worth to remember that inhibitors of corrosion entering into its structure lose over time the efficiency, it is necessary for type of that to make replacement of cooling liquid from time to time.

Presence at liquid of bubbles, well distinguishable through a jellied mouth of a radiator testifies to its hit in chambers of combustion of the engine, indirect confirmation of that is exhaust existence in the form of a dense smoke of white color, - replace sealing laying of a head of cylinders (see. Head Engine).


  1. For plum of cooling liquid uncover a radiator and open the drain gate in its lower part, - prepare suitable volume drain capacity. After an oporozhneniye of system of cooling do not forget to wash out it pure flowing water.
  1. The gulf in system I skin a mix, let's to the engine work a little at the removed cover of a radiator, then if it is required, two-three times squeeze out a pedal of gas and correct level of cooling liquid, having finished it to demanded value.
  2. Screw on a place a cover of a radiator and check all connections of an okhladitelny path on existence of signs of development of leaks, - in case of need tighten the corresponding fixture. Some days later still check level of cooling liquid, in case of need make the corresponding adjustment.

Brake liquid

Brake liquid is among aggressive chemical compounds and is capable to lead to damage painted body surfaces of the car. At hit of brake liquid in eyes and on mucous membranes of an organism the struck sites should be washed out immediately plentiful amount of waters! In view of high hygroscopicity, use of the brake liquid stored in open container is inadmissible, - the liquid which has gathered moisture is not capable to provide due efficiency of functioning of brake system! Remember that mixing of brake liquids of a various grade is also categorically inadmissible!

The tank of brake liquid made of translucent plastic is fixed on the assembly of the main brake cylinder (GTTs) which is located in the left back corner of an impellent compartment on its back partition (see an illustration the Impellent compartment (on an example of the car equipped with the petrol engine)), and it is divided into two parts, each of which is connected to a separate hydraulic contour.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Translucent walls of the tank allow to supervise visually outside level of brake liquid which at the closed cover should be between put on one of walls MIN and MAX labels. Watch, that level of brake liquid did not fall below MIN mark.
  1. Before uncovering the tank for the purpose of performance of correction of level of brake liquid, carefully wipe it and an adjacent surface of the tank pure rags for the purpose of hit prevention to the hydraulic highway of pollution. Uncover and add in the tank necessary amount of cooling liquid of a demanded grade.

At identification of signs of presence at a path of system of dirt or moisture, it is necessary to replace brake liquid, - do not forget to pump over upon termination of procedure a hydraulic path (see. Head Brake system).

  1. Having finished adjustment, screw on a place and manually tighten a tank cover, having tracked density of its landing.
  2. Some lowering of level of brake liquid in the tank will be observed on a course of wear process of frictional overlays of brake shoes, - at replacement of the last level should be restored automatically. Continuous lowering falling of level of brake liquid testifies to development of external leaks in a path, - survey brake lines, hoses and shtutserny connections of a hydraulic path, estimate GTTs condition, examine brake supports and wheel cylinders, make sure of lack of traces of leaks on inside of wheel assemblies.
  3. If excessive lowering of brake liquid took place, the hydraulic path of system after correction of level should be pumped over for the purpose of removal of the air which has got to it (see. Head Brake system).

Power steering (GUR) liquid

Emergence of requirement for a dolivaniye of GUR liquid indicates development of leaks in system, - for check address on HUNDRED!

The GUR tank is located in the left forward corner of an impellent compartment, directly behind a broad tank of system of cooling (see an illustration the Impellent compartment (on an example of the car equipped with the petrol engine)).

The tank is equipped with a carving cover with built in measuring shchupy, - level of liquid should be between marks H and L on щупе.

Alternatively the tank can be not equipped shchupy, - in this case the urovnevy scale is put directly on its translucent walls. Liquid lowering below a mark L is inadmissible. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added in the tank demanded amount of liquid of the grade stipulated in Specifications.

In order to avoid foaming, do not shake up container with liquid before application, try to fill in liquid slowly, minimizing probability of formation of bubbles. Apply only fresh liquid, the car of a grade approved by producers (see. Specifications of Head Current leaving and service).


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Having finished adjustment, start the engine and several times turn a steering wheel from an emphasis against the stop, letting out from a hydraulic path air jams.

Liquid of washing of glasses

Liquid for washing of a windscreen is filled in in the plastic tank equipped with a folding cover established in the right forward corner of an impellent compartment (see an illustration the Impellent compartment (on an example of the car equipped with the petrol engine)).

The tank of liquid of a washer of back glass is located under the panel of an internal upholstery of the right back rack, - open a door of a back and remove the small cap located at level of the bottom cut of lateral glass. In a mouth of a tank the demountable goffered extension piece which application in an essential measure facilitates process of a flood of liquid is filled.

In areas with a temperate climate as washing liquid usual pure water with an additive of a small amount of means for washing of glasses can be used. In cold weather it is necessary to fill tanks no more than on two thirds, leaving a volume stock on mix expansion at its freezing. In areas with a frigid climate in a winter season it is necessary to use special spirit solution steady against freezing for washing of glasses, - which always can be got in shops of automobile accessories.

Also special concentrate which should be mixed in a due ratio with water is issued, - act according to instructions of manufacturers of means.

RKPP transmission oil

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Shchup for measurement of level of oil by a design of a box is not provided.
  2. Tire out the car on a platform, or hang out horizontally on the lift.
  1. Clear of dirt a surface of a case of RKPP round a control opening and turn out from the last a stopper.
  1. Level of oil should reach the bottom cut of a control opening, - for check use a piece of a wire with the end bent at right angle, or enter into an opening a little finger.
  2. In case of need through the same opening add in a box transmission oil of the recommended type, - adjustment make step by step, filling in oil in the small portions, each time checking level, previously having allowed oil to flow down in a case.
  3. Having achieved demanded result, wipe a stopper, plant on it a new sealing washer, then screw in an opening and tighten with effort of 30 Nanometers.
  4. Lower the car on the earth and make sure of lack of signs of leakages of transmission oil, special attention having given to positions of a stopper of a control/jellied opening and a joint of a case of RKPP with the engine, - the case should be wiped carefully, then to sprinkle the specified sites with talc or lime and, having made on the car a short trip (about 30 km) with use of all range of switchings of a box, to make repeated visual survey. In case of identification of leaks the reason of their development should be immediately eliminated.
  5. If need for correction of level of transmission oil arises regularly, it testifies to existence of malfunction which it is necessary to find and eliminate immediately.

Liquid of automatic transmission (ATF)

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. During a short 30-minute trip warm up ATF to normal working temperature, then park the car on an equal horizontal platform.
  2. At the working engine consistently carry out the AT selector lever through all working provisions, having in summary returned it to the situation "R".
  3. Cock the parking brake and let's to the engine few minutes work on single turns.
  1. Wipe the handle measuring щупа and the end of a directing tube for the purpose of elimination of risk of hit in dirt transmission.

  1. Take щуп, wipe its edge pure неворсящейся rags and again accurately fill against the stop in directing tube. Again take щуп and check ATF level on a marking put on its edge, - the end of the moistened site of an edge should be between two risks noting borders is hotter" (75°С) than a scale.

If level of heated-up ATF does not reach the bottom border of a "hot" scale, the car should not be allowed to operation!

  1. In case of need modify ATF level, adding liquid of a demanded grade (see. Specifications of Head the Current leaving and service) by means of a funnel through directing tube measuring щупа, - fill in ATF in the small portions, let's to it flow down completely in a transmission case. Having finished adjustment, repeat check of level of ATF.

Excess of admissible level of ATF can lead to a transmission exit out of operation, - excess of liquid should be pumped out from AT case!

Greasing of a transfer case

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Tire out the car on a platform, or hang out horizontally on the lift.
  2. On models with the transfer case equipped with one control opening, release two boltovy pairs and remove a lateral support of a suspension bracket of a box.
  1. Clear of dirt a surface of a case of a transfer case round a control opening and turn out from the last a stopper.
  1. Level of oil should reach the bottom cut of a control opening, - for check use a piece of a wire with the end bent at right angle, or enter into an opening a little finger.
  2. In case of need through the same opening add in a box oil of the recommended type.
  3. Having achieved demanded result, wipe a stopper, plant on it a new sealing washer, then screw in an opening and tighten with effort of 30 Nanometers.
  4. On models of the corresponding complete set establish into place a lateral support of a suspension bracket of a transfer case.

Greasing of differentials

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Tire out the car on a platform, or hang out it horizontally on the lift.
  2. Control/jellied openings are located on face surfaces of cases of differentials from the forward party at forward differential and with back at the back. Check of level of oil is made by analogy to checks for RKPP and a transfer case. Efforts of a tightening of jams make 39 ÷ 54 Nanometers.