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Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
Regular check of a condition of tires will allow to avoid the troubles connected with stops in a way because of the lowered wheel. Besides, such checks give valuable information on possible problems with components of a steering drive and a suspension bracket till emergence emergence in them serious damages.
At a sports manner of driving it is recommended to increase pressure in lobbies and back tires by 0.2 atm, an outcome from base-line values.
Tires can be equipped with the built-in indicators of wear of a protector in the form of the color strips which are baring at decrease in depth of a protector to 1.6 mm, - this value is minimum admissible, it is in most cases recommended to replace the tires which depth of a protector makes less than 2 mm. Always it is possible to determine depth of a protector by the simple and inexpensive adaptation known under the name of a measuring instrument of depth of a protector.
Pay attention to signs of non-uniform wear of protectors. Such defects as cavities, swellings, uploshcheniye and unilateral wear indicate violation of corners of installation of wheels, or on disbalance of wheel assembly, - drive away the car on station of adjustment of disorder convergence.
Carefully check tires on existence of cuts, punctures and got stuck nails or buttons. Sometimes after a tire puncture a nail it still some time holds pressure, or starts to pit air very slowly. At suspicion on existence such «a slow puncture» first of all it is necessary to check tightness of a nipple of a rating of a wheel, then attentively to examine a protector on presence at it got stuck strangers of subjects, and also the damages eliminated earlier and again given "leak". To make sure available a puncture it is possible, having moistened a suspected site with soap water, - its puzyreniye becomes a sign of an air outlet. If not too big, the tire it is usually possible to restore a puncture in any shinomontazhny workshop.
Carefully examine internal lateral surfaces of tires on existence of signs of development of leakages of brake liquid on them, - if those are available, immediately check a condition of brake mechanisms.
Remember that maintenance in tires of the correct pressure increases term of their service, helps to save fuel and improves the general comfort of movement. The special manometer is necessary for check of pressure.
Always check pressure on cold tires, otherwise the result of measurement will be overestimated owing to thermal expansion of air.
For check of pressure of a rating of the tire remove a protective cap from a nipple, then densely press to the rating gate a nozzle of a manometer and consider instrument readings. Compare results of measurement to requirements of Specifications of Head the Current leaving and service. Do not forget to plant into place the protective cap preventing hit in a nipple of dirt and moisture. Check pressure in all tires, including a spare wheel. In case of need make the corresponding adjustments.
It is not necessary to trust indications of the manometers connected to pump stations at filling station.
Examples of characteristic wear of protectors of tires
Insufficient pressure in the tire leads to its overheat at movement owing to an excessive deflection therefore the protector does not nestle sufficiently on a road surface. It leads to loss of coupling with the road and to excessive wear of a protector, not to mention danger of an exit of the tire out of operation as a result of an overheat. Check and adjust pressure.
Violation of adjustment of disorder of wheels also can result in unilateral wear of a protector, - replace defective components of the suspension bracket/helmsman of a drive, execute disorder adjustment.
Too sharp commission of turns can be one more reason of such wear, - change a driving manner.
Superfluous pressure in the tire results in the accelerated wear of the central part of a protector, decrease in coupling with darling to more rigid movement and increase of danger of fatal damage of a slope, - check and adjust pressure. If tires were pumped up for transportation of heavy cargoes, do not forget at return to a normal mode of operation to pit superfluous air.
Tires of forward wheels can non-uniformly wear out as a result of violation of corners of installation of wheels, - check, replace defective components of the suspension bracket/helmsman of a drive, make necessary adjustment.
Violation of balancing of wheels can be one more this sort of reason of wear, - drive away the car in a shinomontazhny workshop.
The Obtrepannost of edges of a pattern of the protector, being a wear sign, best of all comes to light to the touch.
Rotation of wheels
||Rotation of wheels it is necessary to make each 12 000 km (7500 miles) run. At rotation of wheels do not forget to check a condition of tires and if necessary to replace them.